Selasa, 15 September 2009

introduction to morphology

awang darmawan's private research on linguistics

1. Morphology is as a branch of linguistic

We need systematically and empirically knowledge to study language. Linguistic is a scientific acknowledge which puts language as its object.[1] As alike the other knowledge, linguistic also has several subsystems or branches. Each subsystems of Linguistic has each function. These are Syntax, Morphology, Semantic, Phonology and Lexical.

Each subsystems has different function which develops linguistic field.

a. Syntax focuses on development of sentence.

b. Morphology discusses on development of words and changing word status.

c. Semantic focuses on the meaning.

d. Phonology studies on word producing.

e. Lexical concentrates to vocabulary aspect.

Consequently all of subsystems in linguistic has each function in developing linguistic field. Morphology as a branch of linguistic also supports linguistic field. As a scientific acknowledge.

2. Definition of Morphology

Literally the word Morphology is built by two words. These are Morpheme and Logy. Morpheme means the smallest meaning that word can be divided into mean while, logy means acknowledge or science. So we are can conclude that morphology is a science that focuses on developing of the word. Morphology function deals with development and changing of word status.

On linguistic field there are some perceptions about definition of morphology.

a. Morphology is the identification, analysis and description of structure of the word.[2]

b. Prof.H.R.Tarigan in his book concluded that “morphology ialah bagian dari ilmu bahasa yang membicarakan seluk beluk kata serta pengaruh perubahan-perubahan bentuk kata terhadap golongan dan arti kata”[3]or morphology is a part of linguistic which discusses on the parentage of the word and the influence of word changing for group and meaning of word.

c. John Iyons determined that morphology deals with the internal structure of word.[4]

d. In oxford dictionary the word morphology the word morphology means the forms of the word, studied as a branch of linguistic.[5]

Based on four definitions above we can conclude that morphology means knowledge as a branch of linguistic which discusses on development of the word.

3. Use of studying morphology for general

Every knowledge in the word mush have use for human life. and also morphology as a branch of lingustic. in our daily routine as a language teacher, translator, author, lexicographer, reporter or people who gets in touch with language will absolutely face linguistic problem.

If we do not have a comprehensively knowledge, we will find difficulty on the other hand if we understand and know all aspect on linguistic, we will be helped during finishing our duty. because comprehensively understanding on linguistic can give us know the sense of language. language is as the best communication tool, owned by human.[6]

- Lexicographer will get easiness to finish their duty by understanding all of aspect on linguistic comprehensively.

- An artist will be helped in understanding creation of literature.

In short whoever deals with language will get use by studying all aspect on linguistic.

4. Significance of morphology for language teacher or the former of language teacher.

As a language teacher must understand all aspect on linguistic. Because linguistic is a scientific knowledge that puts language as its object. Therefore a language teacher is obligated to understand in order a language teacher are able to apply it in teaching and learning process.

In this paper we try to relate between linguistic and its contribution in teaching language process. Even it is in other application. The language teacher is expected to be able to comprehend linguistic, its characteristic and also its function. So that the language teacher learning process.

Real contribution of linguistic in teaching learning process.

- An language teacher can connect between linguistic on learning methodology.

- It can support in developing material during teaching learning process.

5. Scope of Morphology

Morphology is a scientific study of morphemes. They are some classification on Morphology. Profesor H.R Tarigan determined there are two type of analyzing on Morphology.[7]

a. Morphology synchronic analyzing

b. Morphology diachronic analyzing

a. Morphology synchronic analyzing

Morphology synchronic analyzing is a study of morpheme in a certain time. Basically Morphology synchronic analyzing is a linear analyzing that asks for lexical component and syntax word component. Morphology synchronic analyzing does not pay attention to history or parentage of word in language. Morphology synchronic analyzing focuses on changing of word status and development of the word that are influence by internal factor.

b. Morphology diachronic analyzing

Morphology diachronic analyzing concentrates to the History and the parentage of the word and asks for different use in past time and time being. Morphology diachronic analyzing discusses on development of word and changing of the word, influenced by external factor


- Badudu. Yus. 1982. Morfologi Bahasa, Gorontalo, Jambatan. Jakarta

- Chaer, Abdul. 2007. Linguistic Umum, Rineka Cipta. Jakarta

- Fromkin, Victoria. At all. 1996. An Introduction to language. Harcourt Brace

- Guntur Tarigan, Henry. 1985, Pengajaran Morfologi, Angkasa. Bandung

- Oxford learners dictionary. 2008. Oxford university press

- Internet :

http://www.Tarbiyah UIN suka

[1] Abdul Chaer page 1, linguistic umum

[2] online 9 sept 2009

[3] Prof.Dr.H.R Tarigan. Page 4 Pengajaran Morfology.

[4] Yus Badudu page 32. Morfologi bahasa gorontalo

[5] Oxford Learns Dictionary page 862

[6] Abdu Chaer page 1 linguistic umum

[7] Prof.H.R Tarigan page 4 pengajaran Morphology

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