Other Elizabethan Drama
It should be task of a history like this to correct the impression of shakespears’ uniqueness to show the rich nice of the Elizabethan theatre generally. The trouble is that the rich nice is so incredible, the mean of talent so many, and space so short, that only the most superficial impression of the dramatic achievement of that age can be given.
1. Shakespears’ greatest contemporary (after Marlow) was been Ben Jonson (1574-1637) Jonsons’ aims were different from those of his friend. He did not fully appreciate, or even like the work of his seniour every play was composed on an established ancient pattern. Jonsons’ sees them as simply and almost mechanical combinations of four elements. The human soul was made out of ‘humour’-hot-cool-moist, dry-which nixed in various proportion, gave different human ‘types’. Jonsons’ characters are all ‘humour’ and his comedy. Jonsons’is the great dramatist of realism. He is concerning with making his comedy out of the situation of his own tlinc.
2. francis Beaumont (1584-1616) and John Flether (1579-1625) paint in gentler colours but their Knight of the Burning, Pestle is as complling a view of middle-class London as The Alchemist. These two playwrights worked together for several years. They learned a geat deal from Shakespears, especially in the field of romantic comedy.
3. The shoemaker’s holiday by Thomas Dekker (1570-1632).the Shoemaker’s Holiday is typical of his good humour his liveliness,and his sympathy with the lower orders of society.
4. Thomas Middleton(1570-1620) mostly in collaboration with other anthors Eastward Hoby George Chapman (1559-1634)Ben jonson and john Marston (1575-1634)
5. John Webster (1580-1638) He collaborated in comedies with Dekker and others,The white Devil snd the Duchess of Malh,Webster has strong verbal gift;convery a situation or a state of mind in the fewest possible words.he approaches Shakespeare in his ability to create character.Both his tragedies are visions of hell displaying a verbal power and an imagination that Shakespeare only could touch.
6. John Ford (1586-1639) has something of the same sharpness of vision and the same sort of taste for horrors.His tragedy ‘Tis Pity she’s a Whore,Ford faces all the moral implications of genuine incestuous passion and producesa a most moving play.Here is Giovanni,the brother,speaking to his sister.
7. Cyril Tourneur (1575-1626) whose two important plays are.The revenger’s Tragedy and The Atheist’s Tragedy.there is evidence of a strong taste for the perverse and the unnecessarily horrible in the audiences of the post- Shakespearian theatere.Thomas Middleton,whose tragedy The Changeling is his greatest play.
8. George chapman and his two plays about Bussy D ‘ Ambois.Chapman is known best as the translator of Homer, Elizabethan Drama were written and performed in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. great age of drama hasted also throughout the reign of james I and only.began to peter out in Charles I’s time,as the Civil War approached.The theatres were closed by the Puritans in 1642.Philip Massinger (1584-1639). James Shirley (1596-1666)-We shall have to ignore:the scope of our brief history cannot take them.